Unless you have planted your seeds into a pot large, that is enough to sustain a full-scale increase, then you’ll have to transplant your young plant a couple of times, in order to ensure maximum return. A germinating marijuana plant will quickly outgrow its starter cup, and the root bound plant will grow very slowly.
A good guideline to go by is to check your plant size against the cup size – when the plant gets taller than the container it’s in, then it’s time to transplant. Another indication would be droopy leaves or a plant that requires a lot of water – these are sure signs that your plant has outgrown its pot.
Another good guideline would be to transplant the marijuana plant into a container that’s double the size of the present one, or bigger. This allows the roots to spread out and develop. Marijuana requires one foot of soil height for each foot of plant height, so prepare to have a minimum of a 5 gallon container for the final transplant.
Water your plant just enough to moisten the roots. If the soil is moist, it is going to hold together better for the transplant process. Fill the container with potting soil, leaving enough room to place the plant and root ball in.
Place your hand over the top of the cup, keeping the stem between the thumb and fingers. Turn the small container over and ease the cup off the plant. Gently set the plant upright into the new soil, then fill in the rest of the larger container with dirt. Give the plant a thorough watering, as this will loosen the roots and allow them to begin spreading and growing. Tidy up your area, and you’re done.
What food and nutrients should you use for your marijuana?
Marijuana plants require food to grow. The three main elements are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). These are needed for strong root growth, strong vegetative growth, and for lush, full flowering and high yields.
Most potting soils include a balanced NPK ratio that will sustain a plant for the first 2-3 weeks. However, as the plant grows taller and wider, supplemental nutrients are required.
At the vegetative phase, about 20 supplements are often adequate to maintain proper growth and development. Most growers dilute this formulation to one-half or one-quarter strength, as cannabis doesn’t tolerate full-strength nutritional supplement feedings well. This may be given once or twice per week, although some growers use it in each feeding.
In the flowering stage, a higher ratio of phosphorus is needed to promote and encourage flowering, as these flowers are the bud sites, and the number of flowers affect the end yield. Phosphorus alone or phosphorus in a greater ratio is often utilized in this stage.
Secondary foods which the marijuana plants need are Calcium, Sulphur, and Magnesium. These foods guarantee that plant photosynthesis is maintained, allowing strong growth and good development.
The basic minerals a plant needs are boron, copper, molybdenum, zinc, iron and manganese. The marijuana plant takes up a minimal amount of these components, but they are necessary to the overall well-being of your plant.
All of these nutrients work together to maintain healthy growth and development. Plants will grow poorly or not at all if deprived of any one of these nutrients. If the lack is intense, the plant may go into a nutrient lockout, which is the absence of a single nutrient blocking the uptake of all the rest, thus causing the plant to die.
Careful occasional evaluation of your plant will determine whether it’s healthy and secure, or lacking in any of these nutrients. These problems may be fixed but correcting them is vital to the continued growth and development of your own plant.